I worked in October 2003 on an archeology survey for the Army Corps of Engineers, by Panamerican Consultants, Inc., (their Buffalo, NY office) done by law, to precede the building of storm wall placements and flood buffer areas along the shore. We shovel-tested from "South Beach" south to "Oakwood Beach" and the sewerage treatment plant there next to "Great Kills Park". Other areas, around Floyd Bennett Field and Gateway National Park were called off. I was surprised by the flooding tragedies that took place where I had once worked thinking, perhaps, the rest of the process had been accomplished. The Army Corps' NE headquarters are nearby at Fort Hamilton, Brooklyn, the "Parade Field" there I've also shovel-tested. Who or what stopped it, I wonder? Perhaps WNYC could inquire. Link to WNYC article.